Day Nine, Antioch, Cevlik, Turkey

November 23, 2012  •  Leave a Comment

Antioch - south central Turkey

BIBLE LINK TO EVERYTHING ANTIOCH

This is the southward view that Paul would have had over the city.  Here he preached to many in a church that was cut into the mountain.

Mike Martin walking the ledge toward a carving of a woman's head in the mountain

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The Charonion is an ancient carved stone bust in the mountainside above Antioch. It dates from the time of King Antiochus in the Seleucid era (3rd century BC).
According to the sixth-century chronicler Malalas, the Charonion was carved in an attempt to save Antioch from a plague. After many people had perished from the illness, a seer named Leios commanded that a great "mask" be carved out of the mountain overlooking the city, "and inscribing something on it he put an end to the pestilential death. This mask the people of Antioch call the Charonion."

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Here is an overview of the modern city of Antioch now called Antakya.

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Here is the port where Paul came and went when he was in Antioch.  This port town is now called Cevlik, Turkey.

This area was a natural port location. Large cut stones were placed here by the Romans as well as by earlier civilizations.

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I found the formation in the large stones below fascinating.

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Here you can see the modern port just 500 meters up the shore from the ancient ones.

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The Titus Tunnel (Titüs Tüneli) is a Roman engineering marvel.

During the reign of Emperor Vespasian (69-79 AD), the Roman governors of Seleucia Pieria (Samandağ), the port city for Antioch ad Orontes (Antakya), decided to divert a river.

They put Roman legionnaires, sailors and prisoners to work cutting a channel along and through the rock for about 1.4 km (nearly a mile).

Continued under Emperor Titus (79-81), inscriptions tell us it was completed during the reigns of the Antonine emperors decades later.


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